Type 2 diabetes: economics of dietary adherence

  • Author / Creator
    Maxwell, Denise
  • This thesis examines the economic and time barriers to dietary adherence for T2D patients living in Edmonton by using utility theory, household production theory and the concept of health capital. Socio-demographic, food consumption, food purchase and time use information was obtained by administering a questionnaire and a food record; collecting grocery receipts and a blood sample; conducting a telephone interview, and taking measurements. Multivariate regression analysis and correlations showed a negative association between fruit and vegetable expenditure and A1c. Diet quality was negatively associated with A1c and total food expenditure but had an inverted U-shaped association with income. While working time was negatively correlated with diet quality and positively correlated with A1c, regression analysis showed a negative association between working time and diet quality only among higher income participants. Budget constraints and time constraints appear to be the barriers to dietary adherence among low-income and high-income patients, respectively.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2011
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.