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A study of the relationship between parent self-efficacy, parental involvement, and academic achievement in early childhood

  • Author / Creator
    Dam, Annie T
  • This study examined the relationship between parent self-efficacy and the quantity and quality of parental involvement. A second research aim was to investigate whether PSE mediated children’s academic achievement through the quantity and quality of parental involvement, with a focus on home-based forms of parental involvement in children’s education. Data was collected from kindergarten children who graduated from early learning programs in Edmonton, and their families (N = 48). Results indicated a significant and moderate negative relationship between PSE and parents’ reported level of conflict with their child (r = -.45, p <.01), where higher levels of PSE were associated with lower levels of conflict between parent and child. No significant correlation was found between PSE and the quantity of parental involvement, nor with the closeness that parents felt with their child. The lack of significant relationship between PSE and academic achievement indicated that conditions for mediation were not met. However, hierarchical multiple regression indicated that parents’ perceived level of closeness with their child was found to be a significant predictor of child academic achievement (ΔR² = .18, p =.01). The findings of this study emphasize the importance of parental support for children’s education at home during early childhood.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2019
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-a5sd-kb74
  • License
    Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.