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The Mediation Effect of Mindset and Disordered Social Media Use on Perfectionism and Psychological Distress Symptoms

  • Author / Creator
    Johnson, Adrian
  • Research has found that perfectionism is associated with intense rumination about making mistakes, constant self-doubt, harsh self-criticism, as well as unreasonably high expectations (Rice, Richardson, & Clark, 2012), and these tend to significantly increase over time if treatment is not forthcoming (Curran, & Hill, 2019). A promising factor that could help to mitigate these negative symptoms is mindset, which is generally defined as an individual’s beliefs about the malleability of certain traits they hold, such as intelligence, personality, anxiety, or emotion. Chan (2012) theorizes that perfectionists who adopt a growth mindset, or believe that their traits can change, might be less threatened by inconsistencies between their expectations and performance and are better able to handle and learn from failure. This research study had 239 participants complete scales of perfectionism, psychological distress symptoms, mindset, and social media use to assess the direct and indirect effects of social media use and mindset as potential mediators of the relationship between perfectionism and psychological distress. Results show that an individual’s specific mindset about anxiety significantly mediated the relationship between perfectionism and psychological distress. The current research may offer preliminary evidence as to the factors influencing maladaptive vs. more adaptive forms of perfectionism.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2021
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.