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Optical Properties of Soot Particles as Function of Relative Humidity

  • Author / Creator
    Zhao, Boyang
  • Optical properties, i.e. scattering coefficient and absorption coefficient, of soot aerosol particles were investigated as they restructure during a simulated atmospheric ageing process. The soot particles were generated by a McKenna burner and injected into a smog chamber after being denuded and size selected. In the smog chamber, the soot restructuring process was induced by formation of a secondary organic aerosol (SOA) coating, which was generated by the photo-oxidation reaction of the SOA precursor p-xylene with OH radical. The particle diameter, mass, scattering and absorption coefficients were monitored with a scanning mobility particle sizer, a centrifugal particle mass analyzer, and a photoacoustic extinctiometer, respectively. Effective density and shape factor for the particles were determined to assess the degree of restructuring. Experiments were done at different relative humidities (RH) and I found that higher RH leads to a faster restructuring process. Mass scattering cross-section, mass absorption cross-section, and mass absorption cross-section with respect to bare soot particles were calculated to show how scattering and absorption are affected by the restructuring process. Under all RH conditions, the mass scattering cross-section increased for both coated and denuded soot particles. The mass absorption cross-section with respect to bare soot particle shows an increasing trend for coated soot particles as the mass growth factor increases. High and low RH conditions give rise to a higher value of mass absorption cross-section with respect to bare soot particles compared to intermediate RH conditions (RH=40%). The mass absorption cross-section value with respect to bare soot particles for intermediate RH is about 30% less than those for low and high RH. The overall work can provide optical information to the process of soot particles restructuring induced by SOA coating under different RH conditions.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2020
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-s0f2-5m97
  • License
    Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.