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Classification and Analysis of 12-Lead Electrocardiograms

  • Author / Creator
    Wong, Alexander W.
  • The electrocardiogram is the standard tool for detecting cardiac abnormalities, such as atrial fibrillation, irregular complexes, and heart blocks. However, the interpretation of this data is an unsolved problem with discrepancies among panels of cardiologists and automated analysis requiring additional human over-reading. This thesis explores the classification of 12-lead ECGs to a set of 27 diagnoses as defined in the PhysioNet/CinC 2020 Challenge. I propose three approaches, starting with manual feature engineering and classification using shallow gradient boosted tree ensembles. Our second approach uses a deep learning approach by combining fixed and variable length autoencoders to learn the features, followed by a multi layer perceptron (MLP) classifier. Our third approach combines the deep autoencoders and our shallow decision tree ensembles by training the shallow gradient boosted trees with both the manually extracted features as well as the bottleneck dimension representation of the 12-lead ECG record. I empirically evaluate our different approaches using a weighted classification scoring function using repeated random subsampling of the publicly available challenge dataset. This thesis concludes with future ways to approach the multi-channel signal classification problem that addresses some of the limitations discovered in the prior approaches. Our best model, using the averaged top 1000 manually engineered features with autoencoder embeddings, attains a mean test split challenge metric of 0.4366 with an overall mean classification accuracy of 30.7%.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2021
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-d229-tk20
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.